cocoa-orange fish being prepared

Cocoa-Rubbed Fish with Fresh Oranges and Crunchy Benne Seeds

Cocoa powder transforms both savoury and sweet dishes. Its luxurious earthiness adds depth to proteins, like the fish in this recipe. Be sure to use unsweetened cocoa powder; swapping out the benne seeds with sesame seeds and maple sugar with light brown sugar is fine. Any variety of hot chile flakes works here, too. Other fish fillets, such as wild Alaskan salmon or snapper, can be substituted for catfish.

cocoa-orange fish being prepared

Cocoa-Orange Fish

Prep Time: 10 minutes
Cook Time: 10 minutes
Total Time: 20 minutes
Yields: 6 servings

For the cocoa rub
2 Tbsp kosher salt
2 tsp benne seeds
¼ tsp dried bird’s eye chile flakes
1 Tbsp unsweetened cocoa powder
2 tsp maple sugar
½ tsp caraway seeds

For the fish
1 pound oranges (about 2 medium)
2 pounds catfish fillets
5 Tbsp olive oil

1. To make the rub: In a large bowl, combine all of the rub ingredients and mix well. This seasoning can be made in advance and stored in an airtight container.

2. To prepare the fish: Slice the oranges into 12 slices and set aside.

Related: This Beef and Bean Chili Contains an Unsuspecting Secret Ingredient

3. Adjust the oven rack to the top position and preheat the oven to 400°F.

4. Carefully rinse the fish and pat dry with a clean kitchen towel or paper towel. Place the fish on a large sheet pan and liberally sprinkle both sides with the rub. Drizzle with the oil, then place the orange slices on top of the catfish fillets.

5. Place the sheet pan on the top rack and roast until the catfish is moist and gently flakes, about 8 minutes. (If using a thicker variety of fish such as salmon, the cooking time will be about 12 minutes.)

Black Food by Bryant Terry Cookbook

Reprinted with permission from BLACK FOOD: Stories, Art, and Recipes from Across the African Diaspora edited by Bryant Terry, copyright © 2021. Published by 4 Color Books, an imprint of Ten Speed Press and Penguin Random House.

Photographs copyright © 2021 Oriana Koren

Black Food:  Stories, Art, and Recipes from Across the African Diaspora, Amazon, $54

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Love this cocoa-orange fish recipe? Try this West Indian egg curry recipe next!

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